Saturday, 24 February 2018

All my haplogroups

Finding out your haplogroups, and their associated histories, is fun and interesting. However, your own Y-DNA and mtDNA haplogroups are only a tiny part of the complex history of your ancient ancestors' migrations. Every single one of your ancestors had one or two haplogroups of their own!

As more and more people take DNA tests, more and more male and female ancestral lines will be assigned a haplogroup. In Norway, the number of testers is rather high, and many of the tested lines have been traced quite far back in time. Some of the originators of these lines are also my ancestors, and although I don't descend from them in an unbroken male or female line (meaning that I don't actually share their haplogroups myself), their haplogroups are still part of my ancestral makeup, and the migration stories of those haplogroups are my ancestors' migration stories too.

In the sections below I will list all the Y-DNA and mtDNA haplogroups I've found among my ancestors.

Y-DNA haplogroups in my ancestral tree:

R1b: 11 known lines
I1: 8 known lines
R1a: 4 known lines
N1: 3 known lines
Q1: 2 known lines
T1: 1 known lines

mtDNA haplogroups in my ancestral tree:

H1: 5 known lines
U5: 4 known lines
J1: 3 known lines
HV4: 1 known line
H5: 1 known line

The majority of the Y-DNA lines are associated with cultures in Europe's eastern border areas (R1a + R1b) that would eventually bring the Proto-Indo-European language into the west. In second place are lines associated with hunters and gatherers who lived in Europe before the introduction of agriculture (I1, which is the most common haplogroup in Norway). In third place are lines associated with East Asian / Siberian hunters and gatherers (Q1 + N1), that probably came to Europe from the northeast.

The majority of the mtDNA lines are associated with early European hunters and gatherers, all the way back to the first modern humans who reached Europe about 50 000 years ago (H1 + U5 + HV4). In second place are lines associated with the first farmers in Europe, who travelled north from the Middle East around 8000 BC (J1). My own maternal line, H5, falls outside both of these categories; it probably originates with hunters and gatherers in the Caucasus region on the southeastern tip of Europe.

How many different haplogroups have you found in your tree?


  1. My mtDNA haplogroup is U3a, with my most distant maternal ancestor that I know of being my great-great grandmother, Eline Halvorsdatter from Våler. My Forest Finn great-grandfather's Y-DNA haplogroup was I1d3a, based on testing done on a male descendant in his line. His paternal great-grandfather's mtDNA haplogroup was U5b1a1a (from the same Mulikka line as yours.)

    I recently have figured out what my dad's Y-DNA was from finding the testing results of a descendant of a paternal ancestor of his who was listed on the Anabaptist (Mennonite) FTDNA project. That was R-M269.

  2. You're heavy on the U's! :) Yes, the U5b line (isn't it U5b1b1a?) is interesting, I've been wondering if it might indicate Sámi ancestry? As far as I know, the Forest Finn core area in Finland was mostly populated by Sámi until the Savonians and Karelians came and colonized the area after c. 1500. I assume there would have been intermarriages?

    Also, how great that you were able to find your paternal Y-DNA haplogroup from the results of a project! I'm still hoping to find my mother's father's Y-DNA in one of the projects, but no luck as of yet. I probably have to wait for more people to test :)